7. Sınıf İngilizce 8. Ünite Mucitler ve Kaşifler (Inventors and Explorers)

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13 Ara 2020
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SOME IMPORTANT INVENTORS AND EXPLORERS

Levi Strauss was born in Bavaria, Germany in 1829. He founded the first company to manufacture blue jeans.He was a German immigrant to the United States. Strauss died in 1902 . A tailor ,Jacob Davis decided to make overalls to sell to the miners. Davis wanted to register a patent, but lacked money. Strauss agreed to help him and they went into partnership. Levi Strauss & Co. began manufacturing the famous Levi's brand of jeans.



Henry Ford
was born in 1863.He was the American founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines( bant usulü üretim) used in mass production (seri üretim). As owner of the Ford Company he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world. He died in 1947.

Biruni was born in 973 in Kath and died 13 December 1048 in Ghazni, today's Afghanistan.He was a Persian and scholar (alim-bilgin) of the 11th century. He was the first anthropologist (insanbilim uzmanı). Biruni was one of the great scientific minds in all history.

Archimedes was born in 287 B.C. and died in 212 B.C. He was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Archimedes designed machines.he was the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time.He was killed by a Roman soldier despite orders that he should not be harmed.



Gordon Gould was born in New York City, America , in 1920 and died in 2005. He was a physicist. He invented the laser.



Thomas Alva Edison
was born in Milan ,Ohio in 1847 and died in New Jersey in 1931. He was an American inventor and businessman. He developed photography and long lasting light bulb. Edison’s major innovation was the first industrial research lab. He holds the record for the most patents with 1093 patents.



The Wright brothers Orville was born in Ohio in 1871 and died in 1948 and Wilbur was born in Indiana in 1867 and died in 1912, were two Americans . They invented and built the world's first successful airplane in 1903.They named their plane as Flyer.



Johannes Gutenburg was a German goldsmith and printer. He was born in 1398 and died in 1468.He invented the printing press. He was the first person using movable type printing in Europe.



Alexander Graham Bell was born in Edinburg,Scotland in 1847 and died in Canada in 1922.His mother and his wife were deaf .His father and his grandfather spent their life on hearing and speech. His research led him to develop hearing devices.But his most important invention is the telephone.



Robert H. Rhines was born in Boston, in 1922. He invented radio detection and radar.



J.Prespey Eckert was born in 1919 and died in 1995.He was an American electrical engineer and computer pioneer. John Mauchly was born in 1907 and died in 1980. He was an American physicist.They invented the first mechanical computer , Eniac (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer), in 1946.It was as big as a bus with more than 2000 moving parts.It weighted more than a ton.



John Logie Baird was born in 1888 and died in 1946. He was a Scottish engineer and inventor of the world's first working television system.He used a very small screen for the first television in 1926.Poeple first watched the television in his small laboratory in london.



James Watt
was born in 1736 and died in 1819 .He was a Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer.He invented the steam engine. From 1774 people used his steam engine in factories all over Britain.His invention brought great changes in Industrial Revolution.



George Stephenson
was born in 1781 and died in 1848.He was an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer. He built the first public railway line in the world to use steam locomotives and is known as the "Father of Railways".

Alessandro Volta was born in 1745 and died in 1827.He was an Italian scientist.He invented the world’s first electric battery in 1800.



EXERCISES

A)Remember the explanations above and put “T” for true or “F” for false statements.



1.
Alexander Graham Bell invented the first ship. _____

2.Wilbur and Oliver Wright invented the airplane in 1926. _____

3.People first watched the television in a laboratory in London. _____

4.ENİAC was the first television. _____

5.J.Prespey Eckert and John Mauchly invented the radio.______

6.Gordon Gould’s plane called Flyer._______

7.Levi Strauss was a German immigrant.______

8. James Watt invented the world’s first electric battery.______



B)Make meaningful sentences and write a passage about the invention of the television.

*John Logie Baird / transmit / the first television picture/ 1905.

*The first thing on television/ a boy.

*Baird /send /pictures/ from London to Glasgow/1929.

*He / produce / the first colour TV /1940.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



C)Make meaningful sentences and write a passage about Guglielmo Marconi.

* Guglielmo Marconi / Italian.

*He /born / Bologna /1874.

*He/ go to/ 1895/England.

*He /invent/the radio.

*He/send/first/the world’s/ across the Atlantic Ocean / radio signal/from Cornwall to Newfoundland/1901.

*Marconi’s/very important for the ships/radio system.

*Because/they could send/from the ship/messages/ to the land.

*Marconi /the Nobel Prize/for Physics/win/1909.

*He /1937/die.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



D)Answer the questions.

1.Which one is an invention?

a) telephone b) electricity c) the law of gravity d) the moons of Jupiter



2. Which one is an inventor?

a) Marilyn Monroe b) Henry Ford c) Atatürk d) Mehmet Öz



3.Which one is a discovery?

a) laser b) light bulb c) pasteurization d) chocolate



4.Louse Pasteur ……………….. pasteurization.

a) designed b) published c) developed d) discovered



5.The first coloured TV was ……………… in 1940.

a) produced b) established c) invented d) called